Fashion in 15th century Europe is characterized by a series of extremes and extravagances, from the voluminous gowns called houppelandes with their sweeping floor-length sleeves to the revealing doublets and hose of Renaissance Italy. Hats, hoods, and other headdresses assumed increasing importance, and were swagged, draped, jewelled, and feathered.

1400-1500 Fashion England - 1365, 1330, 1350, 1390 England (1400) Princess and Lady-In-Waiting - 14th Century
Prince, Page, Nobleman - 14th Century France (1460-1480) Lord of Rimini (1488), Beatrice d'Este (1490) - 15th Century Italy England (1st Third of 15th Century)
Burgundy (mid 15th Century) Lady's Dress (Mid 1400), Townsman of Ravensburg (1429), Knight of Stettenberg (1428) French Dress (second half of 15th Century) German Citizens (second half of 15th Century)

As Europe continued to grow more prosperous, the urban middle classes, including skilled workers, began to wear more complex clothes that followed, at a distance, the fashions set by the elites. National variations in clothing seem on the whole to have increased over the century.


"Pregnancy look" was popular due to the effects of the plague. They wore a pillow under the gown to create the effect. Also note that the men wore pointed shoes, sometimes reaching up to lengths of 2-3 feet long, stuffed with hay.